history of Zakopane goes back some 400 years. However, the beginnings
of this place are not exactly known. It appears to have come into
being when the seasonal shepherds settlements became transformed into
permanent abodes. It is understood that the Settlement prerogative (
missing ) was issued by King Stefan Batory in 1578.
the name? It appears for the first time in documents in 1605 and most
likely it has its origin in the Polish word "kopane"
("zakopane"), which once meant the area grubbed up for
career as a resort and holiday centre began in the second half of
the19th century. This was after the beauty of Morskie Oko Lake and
the charm of Koscieliska Valley, had been discovered by some very
well known Poles who had been setting off their trips to Tatra
mountains. They were: Stanislaw Staszic (who was here in 1803-1805 )-
scholar and educator, Ludwik Zejszner (1829) - geologist, Seweryn
Goszczynski (1840) - the author of "Journal of Journey to Tatra
mountains" and Zygmunt Steszynski (1840) - the author of the
poem "Tatry in 24 Pictures" (1840) Nevertheless.
1845 a parish was instituted in the village known as Zakopane, and
its first parish-prist The Rev. Jozef Stolarczyk made an
accommodation and tourist agency offices of his presbytery.
1873 Tatra Mountains Society (Towarzystwo Tatrzanskie) was called
into being. One of its founders, Dr. Tytus Chałubinski "discovered"
beneficial features in the climate of Zakopane and provided it with a
spa status (1886).
1875 organization of hydrotherapeutic institutions began. The first
one was founded in Kuznice by Dr. Ludwik Ganczarski. One of the
biggest - Dr. Andrzej Chramiec in 1887.
1888 the Museum of Tatra Mountains was established, and ten years
later - an antituberculitic sanatorium.
1899 a railway Chabowka - Zakopane was open, which was followed by
radical increase in the number of tourists.
1907 Skiers Association of Zakopane ( Zakopianski Oddzial Narciarzy
) began its activities. They opened a skiing school for civilians.
the First World War two famous Polish writers Jan Kasprowicz and
Stefan Zeromski were among those who were struggling for independence
here. The latter would become a leader of a movement known as
"Rzeczpospolita Zakopianska" ( Zakopane Republic ) in 1st
1929 Zakopane had 15,000 residents, in 1939 more than 20,000.
the time between the two World Wars the great ski-jump was
constructed on Krokiew (1925), two sport grounds in Rownia Krupowa
were opened (1929), the lift to Kasprowy Wierch was put into service
(1936), the railway to top of Gubalowka was built (1937) and power
generating station was opened in Kamieniec (1937).
in 1933. None of the cities in Poland is located as high in the
mountains as Zakopane. It is situated at the foothills of Tatra
Mountains, in the basin between the latter and the crest of
Gubalowka. Its urban area is at an altitude of 750-1000 m above sea
level; the centre (Krupowki and Kosciuszki street crossing) is
above sea level. Due to high altitude, Zakopane has mountain climate.
the II W.W. Zakopane was occupied by Germans and became “closed
town” nur fur deutch.
the Second World War Zakopane became even more fashionable than
before. The town was developed. New hotels, holiday-houses and
residential areas were built. Numerous sport and cultural events were
organized, as well as folk and film festivals. However, with the
development of the city its function as a spa town began to decline;
the antituberculitic sanatoriums and many other health institutions
have been closed down.
As early as in 1910,
an international skiing competition took place in Zakopane, and in
and 1962 the FIS World Skiing Championships took place in Zakopane.
Students have taken a special liking for Zakopane where they had
their Olympic Games, the Universiade, in 1956 and 1993; Zakopane won
the gold medal for their organization twice. The development of
skiing facilities has been thwarted by the establishment, in 1954,
of the Tatra National Park which borders Zakopane in the south. The
national park, with Poland's highest peak
the World Championships in Biathlon took place in Zakopane. The town
has frequently been host to the competitors participating in World
and Europe Cups in alpine and nordic skiing (as eg. World Cup in ski
jumping in 1980, 1990, 1996, 1998-2012).